The Host can automatically configure it’s own IP Address by using the prefix and EUI-64 rules. This involves adding an EUI-64 interface identifier derived from the interface MAC Address to the advertised prefix. The Interface Identifier portion of the IPv6 IP address is used to identify a unique physical interface on a link.
The 48 bit MAC address is separated into 2 x 3 bytes (24 bits), with the first 3 bytes know as the OUI (Organisational Unique Identifier), commonly known as the Vendor Number. 16 additional bits are inserted between the 3rd and 4th byte, and these bits are represented by the Hexadecimal number FFFE.
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